The Acadian colonization of Madawaska dates back to July 1785 with the arrival of families from the lower St. John River.
In 1755, the Acadian settlements along the river had become places of refuge and of transit for Acadian families fleeing the Deportation. In 1758 and 1759, the British attacked and burned these villages, forcing their inhabitants to seek refuge along the St. Lawrence River. During the 1760s, many of them returned to these former settlements. However, the arrival of the Loyalists in the mid-1780s led to the exodus of Acadians from the lower St. John River. Some went on to settle on the east coast of New Brunswick, while others went upriver to Madawaska, which they had earlier passed through in fleeing the Deportation.
Saint Basile thus had its origins in the events of 1755. The colonists realized rightly that only by distancing themselves could they find the peace required for the full development of their community. The new colony, further strengthened by the arrival of families from French Canada, developed a unique character and evolved into one of the most dynamic regions of contemporary Acadie.
Source : texte inscrit sur le Monument.